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How the federal government works to increase grain production in Brazil

This year, it is estimated that the states of Paraná, Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul will produce more than 8.3 thousand tons of wheat, followed by more than 800 tons in the Southeast region, and more wheat in the Central West. will produce. More than 406 tons. This information was released by the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock (MoPA).

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Silvio Farnese, director of commercialization at the Secretariat of Agricultural Policies (SPA), said that wheat cultivation is extremely important in Brazil, especially in the South region, because “it is the planting of the winter crop that complements the summer crops”. , he highlighted.

The second grain crop survey released by the National Supply Company (Conab) estimates that the country will produce more than 9.6 thousand tonnes of wheat on more than 3.4 thousand hectares of land in 2023, an increase of 12% compared to the 2022 crop.

Tropicalization of wheat in the Cerrado began in the 1920s, as a way to increase productivity and wheat production in Brazil outside the southern region. And they intensified after the creation of the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (Embrapa) in the 1980s, where researchers delved deeper into developing varieties and technology production systems for cereal cultivation for the Centre-West, Northeast and Southeast regions. Work done.

Currently, tropical wheat is cultivated in the Cerrado and Atlantic Forest biomes on more than 400 thousand hectares of land in the states of Bahia, Goiás, Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, São Paulo, in addition to the Federal District.

The Secretariat of Innovation, Sustainable Development, Irrigation and Cooperatives (SDI) says tropical wheat varieties are technological alternatives that provide producers with selective, more productive seeds, greater tolerance to pests and diseases, and adaptability to different soil and climate conditions. Do it. Area. Brazilian.

To support these agronomic choices, the Brazilian producing sector can also rely on the agroclimatic risk zoning service provided by Mapa, which identifies favorable periods for sowing in each municipality and state according to timely climate monitoring. Hint included. .Real.

For Clasivaldo Ribeiro, Deputy Director of Development of Production Chains and Geographical Indications, varieties developed to provide greater nutritional value for animal feed also give livestock production systems the option of growing wheat for hay and silage production. “The inclusion of protein values ​​higher than those found in corn silage brings the above sustainability benefits inherent in wheat cultivation to other sectors of Brazilian agriculture,” he said.

The ministry works closely with Embrapa for the development of culture in the country. In 2022, Mapa aims to provide financial resources to support actions by Embrapa and partners aimed at technology transfer, organization of seed sector, countering blasting, prospecting studies, agricultural zoning, decentralized agriculture for tropical wheat. Approved execution period or TED. For the administration of the production chain and distribution.

In addition, the resources will also allow the strengthening of the Advanced Tropical Wheat Center of Embrapa, in Uberaba (MG), for the development of research for genetic improvement and synergy with the productive, scientific and agro-industrial sector.

The Cerrado became the agricultural frontier of the country, becoming one of the largest grain producing areas in Brazil, such as soybean and cotton production. The biome covers approximately 204 million hectares and includes the states of Goiás, Tocantins, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Bahia, Maranhão, Piauí, Rondônia, Paraná, São Paulo and the Federal District, as well as parts of Amapá. Has been done , Roraima and Amazonas.

According to Embrapa Trigo, the area suitable for wheat cultivation in the Cerrado is estimated at 4 million hectares, with 1.5 million available for irrigated cultivation and 2.5 million for rain-fed cultivation.

In recent years, Brazil exported more than US$1.3 billion of wheat, according to the Secretary of Commerce and International Relations (SCRI). In 2022, more than US$965.82 million were exported, ranking Brazil tenth among the world’s leading wheat exporters. More than US$659 million has been exported from January to September 2023.

The main world importers of Brazilian wheat in 2022 were Saudi Arabia (US$195.87 million), Indonesia (US$190.07 million), Vietnam (US$115.87 million), South Africa (US$104.79 million) and Morocco (US$101.36 million). Furthermore, Brazil currently ranks twelfth among grain importing countries.

Farnese highlighted that Mapa’s work together with Embrapa in the development of technologies for triticale allows more efficient production, enabling exports and reducing Brazilian imports.

In addition to Tropical Trigo TED, Mapa works to increase the productivity of the sector in the country. For example, to support the commercialization and flow of wheat through operations carried out through the Equalizer Award given to rural producers and/or their cooperatives (PEPRO) and the Product Flow Award (PEP) administered by CONAB. auction.

MAPA, together with the Ministry of Finance, Planning and Budget and Agricultural Development and Family Farming, allocated R$400 million for economic subsidies in the form of price equalization for wheat grains from the 2023/2024 harvest.

Support for marketing through this means aims to stimulate the national wheat production chain, stabilize the market and guarantee income for rural producers, which is the central objective of the Minimum Price Guarantee Policy (PGPM).

The first auction was held by Conab on October 31, where 199.85 thousand tons were negotiated, which corresponds to 64% of the total available, i.e. 309.6 thousand tons. The second auction was organized by Conab last Tuesday (7), in which 160 thousand tons of wheat were traded. The next round of talks will take place on November 14.

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