More than 60 countries have said they support a deal led by European Unionthe United States and the United Arab Emirates triple renewable energy this decade and move away from coal, two officials linked to the matter told Reuters on Thursday.
The EU, US and UAE have rallied support for compromise ahead of annual UN negotiations on the climate COP28, which runs from November 30 to December 12 in Dubai, will call for its inclusion in the final outcome of a meeting of world leaders on December 2, officials said.
Some large emerging economies, such as Nigeria, South Africa and Vietnam, developed countries such as Australia, Japan and Canada, and others such as Peru, Chile, Zambia and Barbados, have already declared that they would respect this commitment, also add the same sources. said.
A draft pledge, reviewed by Reuters, would also commit those signing it to doubling the annual rate of improvement. energetic efficiency at 4% per year by 2030. The draft also specifies that increased use of renewable energy must be accompanied by a “gradual reduction of coal energy”, including an end to financing new power plants coal-fired electrics.
One of the officials said negotiations with China and India to join the pledge were “quite advanced,” although neither has yet agreed to join it.
Scientists say that these two actions – rapidly expanding clean energy and rapidly reducing the burning of fossil fuels CO2 emitters in the electricity sector are vital if the world is to avoid climate change worse.
Officials say an early show of support for tripling renewable energy and moving away from coal would create momentum and a positive tone ahead of the expected days of tense negotiations at the climate conference.